Textile

Textile
The term textile is derived from the Latin term ‘taxere’ which means ‘to weave’. Textile is a very important part of our life, be it the clothes we wear or the bed and furnishings that we use in our daily life. The history of textile industry is very rich and has impacted the world economy in a big way. It is one of the oldest form of craft and dates back to Neolithic age. Initially twigs, leave and branches were weaved but subsequently other natural fibres were interlaced to form cloth and fabrics. The wool from sheep was the first to be spunned into yarn and then weaved into fabric. The first spinning wheel was invented in India. It was hand operated and by the 14th century had spread to Europe. In the year 1785, the first power loom was invented in England. The steps involved in making a cloth are – harvest and cleaning of fibres wool or cotton, spinning of these fibres into threads or yarns, weaving of thread and yarns into fabric or clothsand finally dyeing and stitching the cloth into dresses. Despite the industrial revolution and development in spinning and weaving machines and technology, the handicraft and handloom sector has retained its place making unique fabrics and clothes, which are very much in vogue in the global market.

Weaving is an integral part of Mizo culture and the women learn how to weave at an early age. They work at the loom in their leisure time and during the lean agricultural months. Like in other...
Also see: Embroidery of Haryana SZari, Zardozi, Tinsel Embroidery
Woollen shawls are dyed and designed with geometrical borders and motifs such as of scorpion and peacock. Married women wear red and black shades. Black with orange dots is the colour for unmarried...
Assam is the home of several types of silks, the most prominent and prestigious being muga, the golden silk found exclusively in this state. Muga apart, there is pat and eri or endi, the latter being...
Jamdani was primarily a dress material for women and men but in contemporary lifestyle we find them in the form of saris with a great variety of patterns donned with geometrical motifs designed on...
Also see: Brocades of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh Cut Work Textiles of Uttar Pradesh JamdaniWeaving of Uttar Pradesh Batik on Textiles Chikan Embroidery of Lucknow Patch Work Embroidery of Uttar Pradesh...
Batik is a Javanese work which means wax painting. Batik craft came from the Coromandel Coast to South East Asia and revived in Shantiniketan, near Calcutta, and has now gone all over the country and...
The cut work of Banaras is a cotton inlay in cotton developed for furnishings, especially drapes, where it helps cut down the glare of the mid-ay sun. Extremely popular with the urban consumer, the...
Batik is a Javanese work which means wax painting. Batik craft came from the Coromandel Coast to South East Asia and revived in Shantiniketan, near Calcutta, and has now gone all over the country and...
Woollen felted namdhas with embroidered and appliqu?d design are made at Tonk and Malpura. Namdhas are generally printed and fringed. Dhurrie weaving is also an important craft in Bikaner and Marwar...
The male artists performing the folk drama Yakshagana of Karnataka wear a small garment resembling to a vest and a dhoti. .The vest like garment is generally in shades of green or red. Dhoti has...