The term textile is derived from the Latin term ‘taxere’ which means ‘to weave’. Textile is a very important part of our life, be it the clothes we wear or the bed and furnishings that we use in our daily life. The history of textile industry is very rich and has impacted the world economy in a big way. It is one of the oldest form of craft and dates back to Neolithic age. Initially twigs, leave and branches were weaved but subsequently other natural fibres were interlaced to form cloth and fabrics. The wool from sheep was the first to be spunned into yarn and then weaved into fabric. The first spinning wheel was invented in India. It was hand operated and by the 14th century had spread to Europe. In the year 1785, the first power loom was invented in England. The steps involved in making a cloth are – harvest and cleaning of fibres wool or cotton, spinning of these fibres into threads or yarns, weaving of thread and yarns into fabric or clothsand finally dyeing and stitching the cloth into dresses. Despite the industrial revolution and development in spinning and weaving machines and technology, the handicraft and handloom sector has retained its place making unique fabrics and clothes, which are very much in vogue in the global market.