Textile

Textile
The term textile is derived from the Latin term ‘taxere’ which means ‘to weave’. Textile is a very important part of our life, be it the clothes we wear or the bed and furnishings that we use in our daily life. The history of textile industry is very rich and has impacted the world economy in a big way. It is one of the oldest form of craft and dates back to Neolithic age. Initially twigs, leave and branches were weaved but subsequently other natural fibres were interlaced to form cloth and fabrics. The wool from sheep was the first to be spunned into yarn and then weaved into fabric. The first spinning wheel was invented in India. It was hand operated and by the 14th century had spread to Europe. In the year 1785, the first power loom was invented in England. The steps involved in making a cloth are – harvest and cleaning of fibres wool or cotton, spinning of these fibres into threads or yarns, weaving of thread and yarns into fabric or clothsand finally dyeing and stitching the cloth into dresses. Despite the industrial revolution and development in spinning and weaving machines and technology, the handicraft and handloom sector has retained its place making unique fabrics and clothes, which are very much in vogue in the global market.

The method of tie and dye is locally known as Chungidi and Madurai is the key place in Tamilnadu. The colours used are red, Purple, blue and black. The specialty here is the kolam or rangoli patterns...
Also see: Chanderi Saris of Madhya Pradesh Maheshwari Saris of Madhya Pradesh Mehandiwada Sari of Madhya Pradesh Tie & Dye/Bandhini of Madhya Pradesh Hand Block Printing Batik on Textiles...
Pidi is a low stool which has its seat made with strands of thread twined to form interesting coloured patterns. The thickness of the thread varies from article to article";" for instance a charpai...
Women do weaving in their spare time and use back-strap or loin-looms, the only exception being the garos who also use frame-looms. Endi silk-weaving, famous for its feel and sturdiness, is carried...
The tribes of Arunachal Pradesh have a tradition in which the women folk are involved in weaving. As the warp is dense and usually covers the weft, the woven fabric is thick. The colours and patterns...
Art of tie and die is popularly known as Bandhej in the Gujarat region. Jamnagar, Anjar, and Bhuj are the main centres where artists work traditionally on bandhej. First step towards the procedure is...
Also see: Annibuta Sari of Andhra Cotton Zari Saris of Andhra Dharmavaram Silk Sari of Andhra Gadwal Saris of Andhra Narayanpet Silk Saris of Andhra Upadha Jamdani Saris of Andhra Venkatagiri Saris...
TThe women of Himachal are expert at making woolen coverings such as woolen socks and gloves to beat the chill. These gloves and socks are available for every age group and are in background shades...
The plain white Karaikudi saris have a woven gold band on the borders and the pallu. These saris are very famous and are always in high demand. The Balaramapuram sari woven in Thiruvananthapuram...
The Kashmiri shawl is the most cherished acquisition of a lady and is believed to be indigenous to Kashmir. By way of technique, it can be categorised into two main types --- the loom-woven kani...
The tribal designs of Assam are woven on Rajampai fabric in striking colours. Kumbung, which means chaddar in the Rabha language, is a traditional Rabha dress and is used by the Rabha women like a...
Tie and die is a multi colored craft of Rajasthan. A large number of colours are used because once the base colour is tied in, a lot of colours can be applied on to the fabric at different stages and...
Patan the main trade centre for Mashru weavers. It is blend of cotton and silk. Mashru has patterns of ikat in stripes along with woven patterns. The patterns - are woven on a pit loom. Women folk(...
The natural flora and fauna of Himachal Pradesh are beautifully crafted on pashmina and raffal. The shawls have beautiful color combinations and often an extra weft yarn is passed through the shed of...
Tripura derives its name from the single largest tribe of the state, the Tripuris. Apart from the hill tribes, Tripura has a large Bengali community settled in the plains around Agartala. Like the...
Also see: Cotton Dhoti/Mayilkan Variety of Tamil Nadu Kanchipuram Saris of Tamil Nadu Kodali Karupper Saris of Tamil Nadu Kurainadu & Kodambakkam Saris of Tamil Nadu Korvai Dhotis of Tamil Nadu...
Also see: Embroidery of Delhi Hand Block Printing of Delhi Zari, Zardozi, Tinsel Embroidery
Chattisgarh produces excellent quality of silks. Chanderi Raigarh and Champa are the main silk producing centres.The craftspersons perform traditional and contemporary work. Embroidery is the main...
The cotton industry in Nagaland is flourishing due to the abundance of cotton and skilled workers. Though the process of spinning and weaving cotton are simple yet the motifs and patterns that are...
Pankhi is the woolen shawl in which the traditional weaving is cherished. It?s a long shawl. Gudma is a blanket which is very soft, warm and has long and there is another form of blanket known as...
Masnads and jamas are block printed floor coverings and considered very comfortable. The designs are attractive floral and geometrical patterns. Another popular craft is the Calico prints from Samba.
Screw pine weaving of mats is one of the traditional crafts practiced by women in Kerala. The leaves for this mat are taken from the sword-shaped thorny screw-pine plant. The process is tough as the...
Chaiti Horse Dance-This folk dance is performed in the month of chaitra by the people of kaibartas caste only. This dance is conducted in honor of their community deity Vasuli devi. It is performed...
Sheep is a very strong component of Indias rural economy. Maharashtra produces wollen blankets made out of the wool and the hair mixture of Deccani sheep. These blankets are rough in their quality...
Khan fabric is a woven butidar textile piece, originally made in 30 inches widths. It was usually used for making cholis and blouses. It is now woven using fly shuttles in a pit-loom with a lattice...