Textile

Textile
The term textile is derived from the Latin term ‘taxere’ which means ‘to weave’. Textile is a very important part of our life, be it the clothes we wear or the bed and furnishings that we use in our daily life. The history of textile industry is very rich and has impacted the world economy in a big way. It is one of the oldest form of craft and dates back to Neolithic age. Initially twigs, leave and branches were weaved but subsequently other natural fibres were interlaced to form cloth and fabrics. The wool from sheep was the first to be spunned into yarn and then weaved into fabric. The first spinning wheel was invented in India. It was hand operated and by the 14th century had spread to Europe. In the year 1785, the first power loom was invented in England. The steps involved in making a cloth are – harvest and cleaning of fibres wool or cotton, spinning of these fibres into threads or yarns, weaving of thread and yarns into fabric or clothsand finally dyeing and stitching the cloth into dresses. Despite the industrial revolution and development in spinning and weaving machines and technology, the handicraft and handloom sector has retained its place making unique fabrics and clothes, which are very much in vogue in the global market.

Banarasi Brocades as the world knows it is called by the name kinkab in Varanasi. A high quality weaving is done using gold and silver threads. Silk Threads are also used as well. The most common...
Ikats and brocade silks in Andhra Pradesh are skillfully woven at home under the supervision of master weavers. The wages at the end of the day depends on the quality and richness of the silks woven...
Bihar is the largest producer of tassar silk in India. There are three varieties of silk produced and woven in the state: tassar, mulberry and eri silk. Bhagalpur is the paradise for tassar weaving....
The craftspersons belonging to the semi - desert land of Rann of Kutch make Dhaba shawls. The shawls are yarned on the traditional loom using cotton and woolen yarns. Using threads, the design is put...
Patola silk of Gujarat displays an exclusive and complicated craftsmanship. Patola silk fabric is one of most complex textile-weaving techniques in the world. The warp as well as weft threads are...
Also see: Dhabla/Tangail/Shawls of Gujarat Mashru Weaving of Gujarat Sujani Weaving of Gujarat Hand Block Printing Gharchola Craft of Gujarat Patola Silks of Gujarat Tie & Dye/Bandhej of Gujarat...
Ikat or Bandha of Orissa has gloriously woven, blurred, and gem-coloured motifs in silk and cotton. The dominant motifs in this craft include animals and birds, with the traditional designs being...
Assam comprises of both tribal and non-tribal populations. The Assamese tribes include the Boro-Kachari, Mishing, Mech, Lalung, Chutiya, Dimasa Cachari, and Karbi Anglong. Just as the bamboo craft...
Manipur is famous for its special fabrics like moiraingphee, leirum, lasingphee and phanek. Tribal textiles are woven on a loin-loom, a type of back-strap loom commonly used by hill people. The warp...
Mehsana district has its skilled artists practicing brocade art which is woven in the twill weave. These artists design the original motif of Mughal gold coin Brocades are silky and shiny with the...
Tribals weave the most beautiful scarves, saris, and other woven fabric and all this is done on a heavy cotton count. The three-shuttle interlock patterning releases excellent output of the weaver?s...
Hand-block printing is mostly done in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Bavasars (as the community is known as ) mainly use natural colours . Bedcovers, Wraps and quilts are the main products ....
Bharuch is the only craft centre of Sujani weaving in Gujarat. In this two weavers sit at either ends and operate the loom. A shuttle of two colours is put in the warp threads with the aim of turning...
Tynrong is the centre for pineapple craft. The craftsmen collect the fibre from the pineapple leaves and design variety of nets. These nets are mainly used to carry fish. Hand bags, belts, purses,...
Korvai dhotis or the saris are made of cotton and silks.The method followed for both the fabric is similar. The two side shuttles carry colours for the border which include the same material and...
Cotton textured saris(womens?s ware) and dhotis(mens?s ware) of Salem district are very famous . These have very pure cotton texture and weavers work on the three- shuttle weave loom. Beautiful eyes...
Changeri is basically carried out by the women folk. Changeri means baskets with lids. They pick up the wheat grass and process it their own way. Sometimes they paint the stalks or leave it in the...
Tarapur and Umedpura are the main centres where as Bhairongarh is a smaller centre. Pillya is a woman's upper garment made in the bandani style and is a specialty of Jawad. Another specialty of Jawad...
Punjab?s traditional embroidery is the famous phulkari and Amritsar and Ludhiana are the two places of Punjab which have a huge market for woolen garments. Other than the popular phulkari, several...
The main centres of Jamdani weaving in Uttar Pradesh are Tanda (Fyzabad district) and Banaras. Jamdanis are very thinly textured muslins(white thin cloth) with floral, bird and animal motifswhich are...
Traditional way of weaving on manual looms is followed at Bastar having motifs of birds, lions bows, animals, arrows, huts, peacocks, pitchers, temples and tribal flowers. These fabrics are worn by...
Mokalamuru silk saris are richly designed with motifs, each being enclosed in a check pattern. Ikat is the weaving done and thepallu is decorated with birds and fish motifs.
The regions having cold climate and generally involved in using wool and in its weaving. According to Hindu mythology, Brahma, The Creator, himself created wool with kusa grass, which is used for...
Manipur Dance Costumes of Female Dancers - The common instrument is mridangam. On the beats of mridangam the dancers turn out like peacocks spreading out the beauty of the dance along with their...
Himroo, a fascinating fabric from Maharashtra, is an extra-weft, figured fabric with a solid ground of satin or twill, decorated with figurative motifs and manufactured ordinarily from cotton and...