Stone

Stone
Stone carving It is the ancient art of cutting natural rough rocks or stones into utility and decorative items. The end products are permanent and are least affected by forces of nature. Thousands of year old remains of rock cut artifacts have been excavated by the historians and archeologists depicting the existence of this art form from time unknown. Stone carving has been found to exist in almost all parts of the world. The raw material used depends on the local availability of the same. Compared to some art forms, where the end products can be modified, this form of the craft leaves little or no scope of rectification. The end product has to be made in a single attempt and needs a lot of skill and dexterity.

The marble tomb of Shaikh Salim Chisti in Fatehpur Sikri was built in 1572 by Emperor Akbar. It is the precursor to an age known as the 'Reign of Marble' for, with the accession of Emperor Jahangir,...
The huge repertoire of stone carving is best revealed in the architecture and rock-cut sculptures of Lingraja, Jagannath, Mukteshwara and other temples of Orissa. Other noteworthy monuments include...
Pondicherry and Cudallore in Tamil Nadu produces useful stoneware of the uppermost quality. The items made are bowls, mortar and pestle vessels for storage, serving dishes and single ? wick lamps....
Makrana in Nagpur is marked as a stone centre the world map. The quality of marble found here is remarkable as well as the price. Marble found here is mainly used for domestic usage. Lemon, white (...
Soapstone is used mainly for shaping and carving idols";" there are many villages in Bastar which have shrines with stone idols. The villages of Bade Dongar, Chotta Dongar, Dantewada, Narangpal,...
The fine stone-carving or fragile jali work in stone is very typical of this area. Jaipur, Thanagazi, Kishori Makrana, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, and Dungarpur are the main centres. Well Ornamented domestic...
The soft marble rocks surrounding Bhedaghat near Jabalpur has a natural gift of flexible raw material for making decorative objects like figures, carved panels, and boxes. Balaghat has a green stone...
Carved stone figures of gods and goddesses are found at Durgi, Allagadda, and Tirupati. Locally available soft stone is used to carve stone figures.
Swamimalai, Ramanathapuram, Trunelveli, Tiruchirapalli, Thanjavur and Kanyakumari districts have highly skilled artists making stone icons. Stone icons are also made in Gopichettipalayam and...
Soapstone figures are small, usually measuring half a metre in height. Soapstone is soft and flexible and very popular in Tamil Nadu. These are sold in pilgrimage and tourist centres.
Ashoka pillar at Sarnath is the beautiful piece of the ancient stone carving artistry. Black stone artisans of Gaya in Bihar are also famous to build the Vishnapad temple in black stone in Gaya....
The Padmanabhaswami Temple in Trivandrum is a stockroom of fine sculpture. Kerala is blessed with granite which is mainly used in image-making and Changanur is an important centre. The community that...
Good quality lime stone is available in Kangra, Bilaspur, Mandi and Kulu and craftspersons make practical objects. Bataihra is the community which mainly works on stone carving. Domestic products...
The rough stone is cut to suitable sizes and outlines of the preferred designs are marked with the help of red oxide mixed with water. Somnath and Dwarka temples are the two living examples. The...
The art of sculpturing in stone has been passed down over centuries from generation to generation in Hoysala, a smalI town in Karnataka. The unique technique mastered over the years makes it easy to...
Granite is easily available in Tamil Nadu and a large number of temples are carved of this stone. Pallava stone carvings which show a high degree of skill and craftsmanship evolved in the 6th century...
The existence of Agate mines at Ratnapur and Rajpipla date back to A.D. 77. Cambay is best known for shaping agate stones and the method of processing agates used by the artisans here still surpasses...
These are made by using a hand-turned lathe. The design and shape of these utensils are very unique. These utensils are valued for religious purposes and are also supposed to have a remedial...
The pink and white stone available in Bastar called sudapaal is soft and easily carved. Large tool called basulas are used for cutting the stone. Pataasis or chisels of various shapes and sizes are...
The main centre for traditional stone carving in West Bengal is Simulpur in Midnapur and the carvers here are known as Sildah. Phyllite, a semi-soft grey stone, is sculptured into a large variety of...
Today earthernware have taken a commercial place and every house is keen to have such articles in their daily use. Craftsperson at Bhuj in Kutch design attractive bowls , clay utensils, grinding...
Varanasi is the centre place for the stone carving articles and the people involved in this are known as raidas. . Plates, glasses, table wares, bowls, food-containers, and candle stands are the...