Jewellery

Jewellery
Any material used to adorn oneself may be called a jewelry. Usually the material is precious material like gemstone or noble metals but modern jewelry can be made of any material. Jewelry may be made using clay, ceramic, porcelain, acrylic, plastic, crystal, glass, metal, rhinestone, seeds, shells, bone, corals, stone or wood. Sometimes they may be made from jute, paper or other natural products. The time when jewelry was first used is not known but the remains of mollusk jewelry discovered in the caves of Blombos in South Africa dates the existence of jewelry for over 100 thousand years. Ancient jewelry was made from animal tooth, bones, shells, ivory, carved stone and wood. Metallic jewelry is believed to have existed for nearly 5000 BC. The modern costume, imitation, fashion or fake jewelry started in the 17th century and was made out of glass. By the 18th century semi-precious jewelry came into existence. The various types of jewelry items include hairpins, bracelets, earrings, jewelry sets, necklaces & pendants, pins & brooches, rings, anklets, watches etc. Men use belt buckles, cufflinks, tie clasps, pendants, pins, ring, chain and bracelets.

Rajasthan is famous especially for silver ornaments. Each part of Rajasthan is known for its own distinct style of silver jewellery. The craftsmen of Jaipur, known for their high quality enamel work...
Of the many forms of jewellery made in Gujarat, agate, silver and bead jewellery are among the most common. Ornaments such as ear rings, nose rings, bangles and necklaces are locally made and sold...
The khasis and jaintias of Meghalaya are fond of Gold jewellery and coral bead necklaces. The thick string of red coral beads worn by them during festive occasions is called the paila while the...
Silver ware is made in Dariba in Chandni Chowk. Household utensils in every form and designs, plain as well as ornamental, are available here. Jewellery made with gold and precious stones is not only...
Gold, precious stones, silver, brass and zinc alloys are the main metals used in the making of jewellery in West Bengal. Swankars, the caste involved in jewellery making, make jewellery for the...
The womenfolk of the mountains adorned with silver ornaments is a common site in the hills of Himachal. The silversmiths or sunairs make beautiful ornaments with intricate designs in both silver and...
Women every where are known for their passion for ornaments. Hindu and Muslim women in Punjab fancy a silver chain of five strands known as ?panch laa chandan har?. Bracelets worn in pairs, one each...
Tribals wear a variety of jewellery made from natural resources and also from bell-metal and brass, especially anklets and bracelets. Subtle ear rings worked in filigree with various motifs are made...
The craftsmen of Jammu and Kashmir have over the years excelled in the art of making jewellery with stones, gold and silver. They have transformed their skills onto making ornaments with finesse and...
In Tamil Nadu, jewellery is worn as a tradition and everyone is seen wearing some ornament or the oter. The ancient jewellery making tradition of this region speaks of a high degree of excellence and...
Every ornament made in the traditional style has a local name. Gathla and Putalimal are the gold coins strung together to form a necklace. Toda is a bulky bracelet. Sari is a real work of art where...
Assamese jewellery include the, jon biri, lokaparo, thuriya, jethi poti, doog doogi bana, , gaam kharu, keru, gal pata,and dhol biri. .. Jorhat in Upper Assam is the station for traditional Assamese...
The famous silver lac combs are famous amongst the women folk. These combs have flower motif in the centre which is further beautified with the red color gem stone.
All time favorite lac jewellery is famous at Rewa and Indore. Goldsmiths make chokers, bead chains, ear rings and hair ornaments in the traditional designs. These ornaments have a golden luster....
Manipur produces pure gold and gold plated jewellery which is a great craft in its own. State museum is witness to this craft as there is old designed jewellery on display.
Jewellery crafted in silver, bone and lac is very popular in Haryana. Designs in folk jewellery have been traditional and have followed techniques of ornamentation like repouss?, chase, filigree and...
The Sikkimese use lot of precious and semi precious stones in their ornaments. Popular are the bagels which are made of seven metals.
The goldsmiths of Uttaranchal have retained the authenticity of their designs in the ornaments made by them till date. Traditionally ornaments made in gold and silver were over laid in brass to...
Glass bangles and beads of Papanaidupet in Chittor are beautifully made by the local artists in almost all the colorful shades. Gold and silver jewellery have inherited the designs from the Mughal...
A striking piece of jewellery worn in Karnataka is called the tulunad, which is a cast-brass two-part belt, having its top edged with cobra heads with long-drawn-out hoods and has a cobra clutch at...
There are many tribal groups having their own identity and each tribal community has its own designing for their jewellery.
Pearl jewellery in Andhra Pradesh is found chiefly in the Masulipatnam region and, to a lesser extent, in the old city of Hyderabad. A variety of products, like bangles, necklaces, rings, lockets,...
The silver filigree work along with the tribal jewelry of Orissa has been a specialty for ages. Cuttack is the main hub for filigree work or Tarkasi, as it is locally known. This form of silver...