Embroidery

Embroidery
The art of decoration of fabric or other material with threads, wires or leather using a needle may be defined as embroidery. With the advent of sophisticated machines, embroidery is possible by machines also, especially for repetitive volume work. But, it is the hand embroidery that continues to fascinate mankind for thousands of years. Traditionally, women have been practicing this art from time immemorial. But in the last few decades, men have pickup tis craft in a big way. There are scores of embroidery stitches practiced by various communities lobally. Embroidered fabrics are not only used for apparel. It is widely used in furnishing and to create unique decorative pieces of art.

The art of phulkari has its origins in the early part of the 19th century when the odhini or head cloth was hoghlighted with embroidered flowers. Phulkari, literally flower-crafting, comprises of the...
The Kantha Embroidery is the predominantly the most popular form of embroidery practiced by the rural women. The traditional form of Kantha embroidery was done the soft dhotis and saris. The thread...
Embroidery from the Saurashtra and Kutch regions in Gujarat is not only famous but also versatile. There are plenty of stitches used to beautify the product. Abhala is the embroidery where small...
Chamba region has highly skilled craftsmen. The Chamba rumal embroidery flourished in the princely hill states of Chamba, Kangra, Basholi, and other neighbouring provinces. The rumals are usually...
Lucknow, in Uttar Pradesh, was and is the centre of chikan embroidery, renowned for its timeless grace and its gossamer delicacy, a skill more than 200 years old --- exploited, commercialis but not...
Ari embroidery of Tamil Nadu has its international market in Nigeria where women drape themselves (during ceremonial occasions) in the embroidered cloth from this region. This has ornamentation of...
The city of Puri on the banks of Bay of Bengal is not only famous for its beach but is also an important religious town. Hundreds of thousands of pilgrims throng to this place to pay a visit to the...
Kasuti embroidery is a special craft practised mainly in Uttara Kanara district or North Kanara district. Its secret lies in the fact that it can be done only by counting the threads of the weft and...
This traditional craft and has been practised in India for the last three to four centuries. The oldest centre, Jamnagar in Gujarat, has involved the womenfolk in this craft since the time of the...
Embroidery done with metallic threads is called kalabattu and forms the zari. The main zari production centres are Surat in Gujarat and Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. Here the metal ingots are melted...
The Mathurias of Andhra Pradesh, a tribe found only in Adilabad, inhabit the forest area and, being nomadic, move from place to place looking for agricultural work on land. The women use cross-stitch...
This area has a unique type of embroidery that uses one stitch, in deference to the weavers in the area. This is done in dark matching shade with untwisted silk thread on the border of the phanek (a...
The female folks are more inclined towards work and have raised the art of weaving through their skills and beautiful designs. There are many different types of attire having different kinds of...
The Nilgiri hills of Tamil Nadu, inhabited by the Todu community, have developed their own distinctive style of embroidery called pugur, which means flower. The embroidery is done on the shawls by...
Embroidery in Bihar is passed from mother to her daughter as a craft. Kasida embroidery with geometrical patterns of Bihar resembles to the kasuti embroidery of Mysore and is found in many different...
Gujarat appliqu? is based on the patchwork. Various coloured and patterned fabric is cut into different shapes and sizes. These pieces are then sewn together on fabric having plain background. The...
Syrian embroidery, the first to find its way into Kerala, is no longer practised here. The embroidery actually practised now has been introduced by the London Mission Society in the first quarter of...
The Banjaras of Madhya Pradesh who are found in the districts of Malwa and Nimar have their own distinct style of embroidery. Embroidery here is done creating designs according to the weave of the...
Sujni kanthas craft was originally practised only by Rajput women and the articles made were used for home or personal usage. Patches of different coloured cloth used to be sewn together and then...
Jaisalmar is very famous for all its craftsmanship. Woolen pattu of this place are unique in design and quality. These days the traditional designs have been made contemporary with the increase in...
In Haryana embroidered fabrics retain their age-old social values for they are among the treasures given to the bride at her marriage. The favourite motifs are the mor-morni (peacock and peahen), and...
The word Applique is a French term and is a technique where in several pieces of coloured fabrics is superimposed in patches to give a decorative effect. The patches are then sewn to the base fabric...
Land of Shivaji is famous for its Kasuti embroidery .This art was initally practiced on sarees which is the traditional ware of Maharashtra female folks. Holbein, wave and cross stiches are the main...
Kantha is the most popular embroidery of West Bengal done with folk motifs. Other embroideries include the chikan work, the zari work and Kashida. The fine subtle form of chikan embroidery is usually...
Kashmir is known internationally for its style of embroidery which is found on garments like the phiran, tapestry, curtains, shawls and household linen. The craftsmen draw inspiration from the...