Clay and Terracotta

Clay and Terracotta
This is amongst the oldest and most widespread form of handicrafts. Historical records of prehistoric era have been found in the remains of pottery. It is believed to have existed since 7000 BC in the Neolithic period. Apart from the popular terracotta or fired clay products, other products are the stoneware which are fired at over 1150 degree C.The translucent form, also known as porcelain is also very popular. The raw material for this craft is ordinary clay, derived from the beds of water bodies like river, lakes and ponds. The clay is cleaned, mixed and ten shaped either by hand, wheel or molded into desired object. The items are dried, fired and glazed as per the requirements. The clay or terracotta products are graded according to their color, strength and water absorption capacity.

Terracotta roof tiles of Orissa are found predominantly in the Sambalpur district and are made partially by hand and partially on wheels. Black and red clay is mixed to make roof tiles of terracotta...
Traditionally the pots and the other items are made on the wheel. Clay is the main raw material which is found locally. Crafts persons design their items over the spinning wheel using the magic of...
The main pottery centres in Rajasthan are Jaipur, Sikar, Sawaimadhopur Ajmer,and Bharatpur, The artists of Jallore and Ahora districts are very religious and make beautiful terracotta horses for...
Indian Black Pottery is made at Nizamad in Azamgarh district. The products made include Vases, Cups and Saucers, Water Jugs, Plates, Jars, and Flower Pots The lustrous black pottery is rubbed with...
This kind of pottery falls under the glazed pottery category. The colours are shades of blue and brown with which designs are done on white or cream surfaces. The products made include cups, saucers...
Clay and terracotta articles, including toys, are produced as ritual items for decoration and are also used to craft utilitarian items.
Votive terracotta figures are found widely in the districts of Bastar, Jhabua, Sarguja, Raigarh, and Mandla. Clay icons are placed on the borders of villages to ward off evil spirits, to appease and...
Now a languishing craft, this blue pottery is made only by a single family who can trace their lineage back to the Mughals. Blue pottery, characterised by an unusual turquoise aqua blue colour, had...
Clay figures are made all over Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. Traditionally each village is guarded at its entrance by an enormous terracotta horse, which is the horse of Ayyanaar, a religious figure,...