Clay and Terracotta

Clay and Terracotta
This is amongst the oldest and most widespread form of handicrafts. Historical records of prehistoric era have been found in the remains of pottery. It is believed to have existed since 7000 BC in the Neolithic period. Apart from the popular terracotta or fired clay products, other products are the stoneware which are fired at over 1150 degree C.The translucent form, also known as porcelain is also very popular. The raw material for this craft is ordinary clay, derived from the beds of water bodies like river, lakes and ponds. The clay is cleaned, mixed and ten shaped either by hand, wheel or molded into desired object. The items are dried, fired and glazed as per the requirements. The clay or terracotta products are graded according to their color, strength and water absorption capacity.

Manipuri pottery is unique in style and technique. Unlike in other parts of India, the craft is practised both by men and women. The potters of this area do not use a wheel and, instead, use the...
The Persian Art of blue pottery came to Jaipur from Persia and Afghanistan via Mughal Courts.Blue Pottery is made from quartz and not clay. Materials that are used include quartz, raw glaze, sodium...
Terracotta of Kutch is famous for its lovely craft workmanship. Artists here dry the clay in the bright sunlight and later these articles are painted and baked. Thanagarh is famous for ceramic items...
Delhi artists who have migrated from different parts of the states produce traditional terracotta craft in the most traditional way. A variety of earthen objects such as cut-work lamps, money banks,...
Among the clay products of Uttar Pradesh, pottery of Gorakpur is very famous. The potters of this region make animal figures like horses and elephants with hand-appliqu?d ornamentation. Figures of...
Lean type of porous clay sourced from the beds of tanks is used for jewelry. The clay is then dried in the sun, crushed and finally put in tubs of water. Once stirred well, it is filtered through...
The finest patterns of terracotta panels can be found in Bengal towns of Murshidabad, Birbhaum, Jessore, Hooghly and Digha. The theme is generally folk and the patterns are fairly highlighted with...
Haryana produces a large variety of terracotta products such as lamps, pitchers, flower vases, pots, musical instruments, clay toys, goblets, human and animal figures, plaques, medallions, and wall...
Goan artists design attractive earthen ware, with its deep, rich, red surface. Water flower pots are the main items and are the hot selling item. Panels are also made here in a unique artistry way...
Of the two distinctive types of pottery available in Ladakh, one comprises of large images and icons painted in bright colours which are made for Buddhist monasteries while the other comprises of...
Hukka, chillums or the smoking pipes are very commonly used by the men and the women folk of this state. These hukkas are made out of clay and has an earthen pot in the centre where the smoking...
Murtikala, the art of making votive murtis or idols of gods with terracotta, exists in Molela, in Rajasthan. While the murtis were originally standing idols of local deities and various Vishnu forms...
The main centres of attraction for this craft are Mohali, Ropar, Ludhiana and Hoshiarpur and the products include matkas, flower pots, diyas, miniature temple structures and toys that are beautified...
Kangra, Mandi, Kulu, Chamba, and Shimla have many migrated potters who have been living here since decades. These potters are locally known as kumhars. The products commonly made include pots, toys,...
Southern India has its own distinctive glazed pottery. Vellore in North Arcot district has a tradition of black and red pottery. Usilampatti in Madurai district has black pottery painted over with...
Dharavi in Bombay and Bhadravati in Chandrapur district are concentrating on artistic pottery on co-operative lines. These units manufacture a large variety of painted and truly elegant black pottery...
The earthen pots of Chowra are hand-shaped by the women, with clay taken from the neighbouring island of Teressa. These are low fired using sticks and leaves. The finished pots have a smooth, shining...
The age old craft of clay and terracotta art is practiced even today in its traditional way and with passion. Tribals of Madhaya Pradeh region make traditional clay temples called dhabas which has a...
In south India terracotta pottery has maintained its traditional as well as commercial value. Food cooked in the pottery is considered good for health. Red clay is commonly used in designing images...
A number of pottery units in the Garo Hills are engaged in the production of clay utensils";" these occasionally produce toys and dolls as well, particularly at the time of various festivals and...
Utilitarian items of daily use are made in clay and terracotta with Chittoor being the main centre for the work.
Assam has two different communities? hira and the kumar in the clay and terracotta craft. Both have two different methods of working. The hiras follow the compression method and prepare the household...
The potter?s community known as Kumhars is generally found in large settlements of Jharkhand. There are wide varieties of items made for household use to decorative items. A large size pot is very...
Khurja in Uttar Pradesh is famous for ceramic pottery. The pottery, done with relief work, uses earth colours like orange, brown, and terracotta, worked on to a white background. The products made...
This work is traditionally done by the tribal. They use special type of clay and design to match their skills. Popular items are roof tiles and utensils such as plates, khullars or the earthen tea...