Bone and Shell

Bone and Shell
Marine mollusks(animals) strip off their calcareous casing from time to time. These are sea shells which are painted, etched, carved, cut and sculpted to form various utility and decorative handicraft items. Some of the shells used are puka, nautilus, mother of pearl(mop), blacklip, brownlip, hammer, troca, paua etc. Sea shells have been used by mankind since the stone age. They not only adorned their jewelry but also their boats and other belongings. Soon shells became an important part of their life. Some tribes even used shells as money. Among the Greeks and Romans, shells were a symbol of prosperity. Collecting and decorating with shells became a hobby for the aristocrats. Shells are used to make decorative tiles & floorings, walls, pots, picture frame & mirrors, jewelry boxes, lamp shades, ash trays, incense stick and candle stand and jewelry. Bone has been used by human beings from the very beginning. Probably the bones left after decay of the animals was discovered by man. He might have used it as a weapon for hunting and defending himself. Subsequently it was put to various uses by carvers when not only utility but decorative objects of art were made. Captive jewelry, beads, combs etc are made from bones.

The main centre for the tortoise shell crafting is in Andhra Pradesh district of Vishakapatnam where chiefly trinket boxes are made in combination with bone. The shell surface of the box is covered...
The large and beautiful shells found in abundance in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. are cleaned and polished before being used to make ashtrays, small boxes, bangles, table lamps, and jewellery. An...
Ivory carving is the composition of Hindu and Islamic culture and art which makes it very secular in its appearance. Khagra and Jiagunj are the two main centers in the Murshidabad district....
Horn as a raw material that is available almost everywhere. Craftspersons use the grain of the material and the variations in colour to great advantage. Buffalo horn carving is carried out in...
A variety of ivory ware, both decorative and useful articles are manufactured. This includes elegantly and gracefully carved elephant tusks, small painted panels traditional chess-sets, boxes,...
This is practised mainly in Belgaum in Karnataka. The grain of the material and the variations in colours are used subtly while crafting the products. When heated and oiled, the horn becomes soft and...
Due to the ban on ivory craftspeople have shifted their skills in ivory carving to horn craft. Sarai Taran is a well-known centre for horn work cutlery handles, and engraved furniture.
Horn is a versatile raw material and artisans have shown keen sensitivity by using its grain and variations in colours to great advantage. When heated and oiled horn becomes soft and pliable. Bison...
After the ban on ivory the artisans moved on to carving artefacts in horn and bone. The articles made include handles for weapons, like swords and daggers, howdahs for riding on elephants, palanquins...
Conch craft of West Bengal has a close significane to the rich culture of its state. The newly wed bride wears the bangles made out of conch for the first on her wedding day. These bangles pass the...
This is an ancient and traditional craft form prevalent in India for ages. This craft is primarily practiced by the tribes of Santhals, Orans and Marijas. Since ivory craft has been banned the craft...