Bidri/Inlay on Metal

The craft of Bidri or inlay on metal originated in Persia, the motifs are leaves and floral designs of Persian and Mughal art, executed with the delicacy as seen in Mughal designs. Today this unique craft of metalware in practiced only in India. In India the craft had originated in Bidar (Karnatak) and then spread to Hyderabad and Andhra where it is very popular. The craft results in the dark black metals? shine with the silver highlights. The bright silver (occasionally Gold or Brass) shines on the matt finish of the base metal. The base metal(black) is a combination of Zinc with Copper which are gently heated together to be smeared with sal ammoniac subsequently. The complex process of bidriware includes casting, engraving, inlaying and polishing. The entire process is either performed by one person or are shared by various artisans specialized in respective areas. The items are first cast in moulds made from clay, sand, resin and oil. A simple chisel, of varied shapes and sizes, is then used to engrave the design. Silver metallic wire in then laid in the engaved area. The item is then cleaned and polished to be finally put in copper sulphate solution which gives it the dark colour. The craft is nearly 4000 years old and was introduced in India during the moghul reign whose swords and other weapons were decorated by bidriwork. Today cigarette cases, huqqa bases, bowls, boxes, candle stands, trays, ashtrays, vases, jewellery, buttons and other utensils can also be found of this exclusive craft.

Noted Artisans:
Gawai Madhukar Dharmaji
Madhu Bidri Works Krishi Residency
Flat No. 01, Plot No. 236 Near AMC Garden Nandanvan Colony
Aurangabad - 431002 Maharashtra
Resi - 0240 - 6547909 Cell - 09226217864
Email - Madhubidri@yahoo.co.in

Videos: